Rainforest Scorpions (Liocheles waigiensis)
Rainforest common habitats are rock crevices, between rocks and the soil in shallow scrapes or rock crevices covered in rotting leaf matter but they may also be found beneath bark on fallen rotting logs and under rotting, solidifying leaf matter - usually on rock surfaces. Their flattened body shape is ideal for these locations. It is found commonly in Queensland rainforests. They grow to around 60mm and are impressive looking scorpions.
Rainforest scorpions are best housed in a terrarium or fish tank. Our reptile terrariums and Exo Terra range of terrariums are an ideal enclosure as they have fully ventilated lids which allows for good air circulation. They do not need to be very high but should be 45cm to 60cm minimum in length.
They require a moist substrate and we recommend Kritters Crumble as this is a coco like fibre that allows moisture to be held in it easily. Your substrate should be 100mm to 200mmm thick and will need to be sprayed with water regularly to ensure it does not dry out. Another good way to keep the substrate moist is to place a piece of 20mm PVC pipe upright in the back of your cage. This should be cut to a length to enable it to go from the bottom of your tank and high enough so your scorpions cannot fall in.
Keeping water in this pipe, diffusion will follow the negative water gradient upwards into the drier substrate, mimicking that which occurs in the natural environment. As water evaporates away from ground level, more water will be drawn up into the substrate creating the necessary varying humidity levels this species needs. There is always a risk when housing Rainforest scorpions together and there is no guarantee that they will not kill and eat each other as they can do this when living close to each other. The best way to avoid this from happening is to place lots of different hiding places for them.
Only 1/3 of the enclosure should be covered by your heat source to ensure that your scorpions do not overheat. 20 - 30 Celsius is a good temperature gradient to aim for.
One to two crickets should be left roaming the base of the enclosure for your scorpions to eat at all times. Do not put too many crickets in at the same time as they can annoy your scorpion, especially when shedding.
Click for available books on Scorpions